As part of the The Röhsska Museum´s Design History – 1800 until Present day we present a complete kitchen by French-Swiss architect Le Corbusier. Le Corbusier (1887-1965) is generally recognized as one of modernism’s most influential architects and theorists. His radical ideas about architecture and new modern life allowed him to sell everything from private homes to large apartment buildings and utopian plans for entire cities.
Radicalarchitecturaland social project
The Röhsska Museum is proud to present a complete kitchen from Le Corbusier’s most famous building, Unitéd’Habitation in Marseille, built between 1947 and 1952. The years after World War II were tough on the continent, where the need for housing was great. Unité d’Habitation was a radical architectural and social project that originated in Le Corbusier’s visionary urban plans from the 1920s. It consisted of huge apartment blocks housing over 1,600, each of which could in principle function as a self-contained city. Initially, Le Corbusier rarely designed interiors for his buildings without using standard pieces by Thonet or U.S. office furniture.
Kitchen design by Charlotte Perriand
In the late 1920s, he hired Charlotte Perriand (1903-1999) for his architectural firm. She was for ten years the only architect responsible for office interiors. When the Unité d’Habitation in Marseille was built, Charlotte Perriand was given the task of designing the kitchen, despite the fact that she had long since left the firm. For Le Corbusier and Charlotte Perriand, home was a machine to live in. They were particularly influenced by Frederick Winslow Taylor’s time studies of industrial workers in the U.S. in the late 1800s. In a modern kitchen everything should be close at hand and easy to reach, so that work could be as rational as possible and it would be nice to work in.